The Roluos Group is a collection of monuments
representing the remains of Hariharalaya, the first major capital of the
Angkorian-era Khmer Empire. It has become known as the ‘Roluos Group’
due to its proximity to the modern town of Roluos. The ancient capital
was named for Hari-Hara, a synthesis of the Hindu gods Shiva and Vishnu.
Though there was an existing settlement in the area before the rise of
Angkor, Hariharalaya was established as a capital city by Jayavarman II
and served as the Khmer capital for over 70 years under four successive
kings. Setting the pattern for the next four centuries, the first great
Khmer temples (Bakong,
Preah Ko, Lolei)
and baray (reservoir) were constructed at Hariharalaya. The last king at
Hariharalaya, Yasovarman I, built the first major temple at Angkor,
Phnom Bakheng, and moved the capital to the Bakheng area in 905 C.E.
With the exception of a 20 year interruption in the 10th century, the
capital would remain at Angkor until 1422 C.E., 12km southeast of